News Headline: ‘New cancer cases to rise 21% in 7 yrs’
Outlet Full Name: The Indian Express
Author Name: C. Raja Mohan
The National Cancer Registry has found new cases growing at roughly 2.8 per cent a year, leading to the projection of a 21-per-cent increase in the next seven years. Estimated new cases stood at 10,86,783 in 2013, projected to 11,48,692 in 2015 and 13,20,928 in 2020.
The data, collected from 27 population-based and nine hospital-based registries, pertain to 7.5 per cent of the population, but are the most comprehensive so far. The scientific advisory committee of the programme, headed by Dr G K Rath of AIIMS, has recommended making cancer a notifiable disease. At present only Punjab and Tripura make reporting mandatory. The recommendation is under consideration, says secretary, department of health research, Dr V M Katoch.
Of the current new cases, 27 per cent are associated with tobacco use. Lung cancer in women has risen in the metros, with 21,000 estimated in 2013 against 53,000 men, said Dr A Nandkumar, director of the National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research in Bangalore, coordinating unit for the programme.
Cases of cervical cancer are going down across registries while those of mouth and esophageal cancers have fallen in some areas. Gall-bladder cancer in women seems to be rising (apart from breast and uterine cancer) as is kidney cancer in males.
“Despite the downward trend one lakh women are still dying of cervical cancer and it is not a small figure. But some of the reasons usually given for a decrease in cervical cancer are late marriages, use of condoms, better hygiene. Decreasing cervical and increasing breast cancer is the trend in developed nations,” Dr Katoch said.
CITY BY CITY (Rise or fall in % per year)